The Legion of Mary traces its roots to Dublin, Ireland on September 7, 1921 when Mr. Frank Duff, a young Irishman inspired
by the Grignion de Monfort’s “True Devotion to Mary” met with
Fr. Toher and 13 young ladies to discuss a special apostolate centered on the devotion of the Blessed Mother. Modeling itself
to the Roman Legion of ancient Rome – the mightiest military brigade the world has ever known – the organization
soon spread to almost every country in the world.
In 1928, the Legion began to spread rapidly. In that year, it was established in Scotland. Then in 1929, a start was
made in London. It was in 1931 when it reached India and spread with astonishing rapidity. In the same year, it appeared in
the U.S.A., where it is now established in almost every diocese.
It is also widely organized in the West Indies and is active in Central and South America. In 1932, the first Praesidium
was established in Australia. It was in 1934 when the Legion found its way to Africa and 1936 when it reached China.
Legion of Mary in the Philippines
Almost 20 years
after its birth in Ireland, the Legion was initiated by the late Fr. Manuel Garcia, C.M. at the Hospicio de San Jose. In two
weeks, he had organized two groups; by the first year, there were 14.
During the Japanese occupation, 100 Praesidia was established. Since then, the momentum has gained pace so that 60
years after it has begun in the country, the Legion has the largest number of Praesidia in a single country the world over.